Psychotherapy, or “talk therapy”, is a way to treat people in distress by helping them to understand their situations. It teaches people strategies and gives them tools to deal with stress and unhealthy thoughts and behaviors. Psychotherapy helps patients manage their symptoms better and function at their best in everyday life.
Many kinds of psychotherapy exist. There is no one size fits all. For example,
Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) helps a person focus on his or her current problems and how to solve them. Both patient and therapist need to be actively involved in this process. The therapist helps the patient learn how to identify distorted or unhelpful thinking patterns, recognize and change inaccurate beliefs, relate to others in more, positive ways and change behaviors accordingly.
CBT can be applied and adapted to treat many specific mental disorders including depression and anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, and even schizophrenia and eating disorders.
The treatment of children will depend of their developmental level and specific needs. It can include play therapy, family therapy and group therapy.